50 Questions for Investment Banking Interviews with Answers

Questions for investment banking interviews can seem daunting initially, but the right questions can lead to great results with the right firm.1 To answer these questions satisfactorily, be prepared to provide plenty of information and examples. A strong understanding of financial modeling and investment analysis will be essential, as will experience in mergers and acquisitions and capital markets. If you want to secure a job in Investment Banking, start by preparing yourself!

The investment banking industry is booming, and people have many opportunities to get involved. Many people are interested in the industry because it is a great place to make money. There are many ways to get involved in the industry, so you must find the right one. The investment banking interview process can be complicated. Becoming an expert in the field takes a lot of time and effort. In this article, we clearly describe 50 Questions for Investment Banking Interviews with Answers which will help to ease your interview. Here are 50 Questions for Investment Banking Interviews with Answers:

Table of Contents

Question 01: What is investment banking?

Answers: Investment banking is a financial services industry that helps organizations and governments raise money by perfectly underwriting and selling securities.

Question 02: What are the skills required for investment banking?

Answers: Investment banking is the process of helping clients make financial decisions. It includes creating and negotiating deals and helping companies raise money. Investment banking skills can be used to help little businesses, private companies, and public organizations. Some skills that may be required for investment banking are financial analysis, sales, customer service, and computer skills.

Question 03: What is the role of an investment banker?

Answers: An investment banker is a professional who helps industry and governments grow capital by issuing and selling securities. Investment bankers work in several areas, including debt and equity capital markets, mergers and acquisitions, and private equity.

Question 04: Who can become an investment banker?

Answers: Investment bankers are college graduates who have majored in finance or a related field. Many investment bankers have also completed graduate degrees in business or economics.

Question 05: How do you prepare for investment banking?

Answers: The best way to prepare for investment banking may vary depending on your specific goals and objectives. However, some tips on preparing for investment banking include studying for and taking the FINRA Series 7 and Series 63 exams, interning or working at an investment bank, and networking with professionals in the industry.

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Question 06: Do investment bankers use Excel?

Answers: Yes, investment bankers frequently use Excel to organize data and perform financial analysis. In addition, investment bankers use Excel a lot to keep track of financial data. Although it is not the only software used by investment bankers, Excel is a helpful tool.

Question 07: Which is better, CA or investment banker?

Answers: There are many factors to consider when choosing between investment bankers and CA. For example, investment bankers typically have a longer track record of success in the banking industry, while CA may be more experienced in venture capitalism. Additionally, investment bankers may provide more tailored services, such as advice on specific investments or products. However, some prefer working as a CA because it provides job security and stability. In contrast, others may prefer working as an investment banker as it can be more lucrative.

Question 08: Is investment banking a sales job?

Answers: No, investment banking is not a sales job. Instead, investment bankers typically work in the financial services industry and provide consulting and financial analysis to clients to help them make investment decisions.

Question 09: How do you calculate the cost of equity?

Answers: The equity cost depends on several factors, including the company’s financial stability, the level of risk associated with its business operations, and the current market conditions. However, one standard method of calculating the equity cost is using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM). This model considers the risk-free rate of return, the expected return of the market, and the company’s beta value to determine the cost of equity.

Question 10: How many hours do investment bankers work?

Answers: The work hours for investment bankers can be long and variable. Many investment bankers work more than 60 hours per week.

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Question 11: What do investment bankers do daily?

Answers: An investment banker is a financial professional who assists clients in raising capital by underwriting and issuing securities. Investment bankers generally work for banks, but there is a growing number of independent firms. 

An investment banker typically works with a few large and small banks. In addition, they work with various clients, including private organizations, public companies, and venture capitalists. Investment bankers generally work long hours, including weekends.

Question 12: Which MBA is best for investment banking?

Answers: The best MBA for investment banking will vary depending on your specific goals and objectives. However, some top MBA programs that may interest those seeking a career in investment banking include the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, Harvard Business School, and the Stanford Graduate School of Business.

Question 13: Which degree is best for investment banking?

Answers: The best degree for investment banking will vary depending on the specific needs of the individual and the investment banking sector they wish to enter. However, a business, economics, or finance degree is typically seen as beneficial for those wishing to pursue a career in investment banking.

Question 14: What age do investment bankers retire?

Answers: The average age for investment bankers is about 62. As the industry matures, many bankers are ready to retire. However, retirement plans and duties vary by bank, so it is essential to inquire with a retirement planning consultant about the best way to go.

Question 15: Which country is best for investment banking?

Answers: No one country is “best” for investment banking. Instead, investment banks are present in many countries worldwide, each with its strengths and weaknesses. Some of the most important factors to consider when choosing an investment bank include:

  • The size and stability of the economy.
  • The strength of the financial sector.
  • The regulatory environment.

Question 16: Is CFA good for investment banking?

Answers: While the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation is not required for investment bankers, it may give candidates a competitive edge. The CFA credential demonstrates a mastery of investment analysis and portfolio management skills, which are essential in investment banking.

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Question 17: Do looks matter in investment banking?

Answers: As looks may matter to some investment banking individuals and not others. Some people may believe that those with a specific look (i.e., well-dressed, well-groomed, etc.) are more likely to succeed in investment banking, while others may not believe that looks are a factor. Ultimately, it is up to the individual to decide whether or not looks matter in investment banking.

Question 18: What Excel skills do you need for investment banking?

Answers: In investment banking, it is always essential to have the right Excel skills. This is because Excel creates financial models that help companies make investment decisions. Additionally, Excel is also used to track and analyze data related to investment deals. The Excel skills needed for investment banking include using financial formulas, creating charts and graphs, and pivot tables.

Question 19: What are financial analysis skills?

Answers: Financial analysis skills are understanding and interpreting financial information and identifying trends and opportunities. In addition, financial analysts must be able to communicate their findings clearly and concisely to decision-makers.

Question 20: What is Enterprise Value?

Answers: Enterprise value measures a company’s total value, often used as a comprehensive alternative to equity market capitalization. Enterprise value includes debt, equity, and other claims against the company’s assets, such as minority interests or preferred shares.

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Question 21: What is another term for the Investment Banking division?

Answers: The Investment Banking division is also known as the Corporate Finance division.

Question 22: What are some ways you can value a company?

Answers: The ways to value a company can vary greatly depending on its history. Some ways you can value a company are by looking at the company’s market share, looking at the company financial statements, and the company’s competitive advantages.

Question 23: What is the difference between Commercial and Investment Banking?

Answers: Commercial banking is the activity of lending money to businesses. Investment banking is the activity of lending money to investors.

investment banking interview questions

Question 24: What is a deferred tax asset?

Answers: A deferred tax asset is an asset that provides a future tax benefit to the company. The asset is typically created when the company has a temporary difference between its book and taxable income.

Question 25: Is investment banking Tough?

Answers: The difficulty of investment banking varies depending on the individual’s experience, skills, and work ethic. However, investment banking is generally considered to be a demanding and challenging field.

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Question 26: What is NAV in Finance?

Answers: The NAV is a measure of a company’s net asset value. It is used to determine how much money a company has available to spend and is also used to measure a company’s performance.

Question 27: How do banks attract customers?

Answers: Banks can attract customers by providing better interest rates, more personalized service, and more convenient branch locations.

Ten ways to attract and engage banking customers.

  1. Offer a variety of products and services to meet customer needs.
  2. Provide a convenient and easy-to-use online banking platform.
  3. Offer low-interest rates on savings and investment tasks.
  4. Provide personalized service and attention to individual customers.
  5. Offer exclusive products and services for high-value customers.
  6. Provide a loyalty program with rewards for customers who maintain a long-term relationship with the bank.
  7. Offer seasonal special promotions and discounts to attract new customers.
  8. Host community events and sponsor local causes to build goodwill.
  9. Use digital social media platforms to interact with clients and build relationships.
  10. Conduct customer surveys to gather feedback and suggestions.

Question 28: What are the primary functions of banks?

Answers: The primary functions of banks include lending money, accepting deposits, and facilitating the transfer of funds.

Question 29: What is EPS stock?

Answers: EPS stock refers to the earnings per share of a company’s stock. This is a metric that is used to measure a company’s profitability.

Question 30: Why is Casa important for banks?

Answers: Casa is important for banks because it allows them to offer their customers a place to store their money securely. Casa also allows banks to offer their customers a way to transfer money between accounts and make payments.

Question 31: What is a market cap?

Answers: Market caps are a measurement of a company’s marketability. A market cap is calculated by adding the total value of all a company’s outstanding shares to its GDP. Market caps are used to assess the stock market’s health and measure a company’s value. A market cap is a measurement of the value of a company based on the current market price of its outstanding shares.

Question 32: What is NPA in the bank?

Answers: NPA in the bank refers to the non-performing assets in the bank. The non-performing assets in the bank are the assets that cannot generate income for the bank.

Question 33: What does the PE ratio mean in stock?

Answers: The PE ratio is a financial ratio that measures the relative level of recent stock prices to earnings. The ratio is used to assess whether a stock is overvalued or undervalued.

Question 34: How is bank size calculated?

Answers: There is no universal method for calculating bank size, as different factors may be considered more critical by different organizations. However, some common elements of bank size calculation include total assets, deposits, loans, and branches.

Question 35: What is the OD limit?

Answers: The OD limit in a bank is the maximum amount a customer can have in their account. The bank determines this limit and can vary depending on the bank’s specific regulations. The limit can help protect customers from being over-drafted and may also help prevent cash-out requests from being made too often. However, the OD limit is the maximum outside diameter that can be manufactured within the specified tolerances.

Question 36: What is a deposit mix?

Answers: A deposit mix is a combination of different accounts that a financial institution offers its customers. For example, the mix may include savings accounts, money market accounts, checking accounts, and certificates of deposit. Each account type has its own set of features and benefits, so the mix that a bank offers will be tailored to meet the needs of its target market.

Question 37: What is the complete form sip?

Answers: The complete form of SIP is Session Initiation Protocol.

Question 38: What is a CC account? [ Questions for Investment Banking Interviews ]

Answers: A CC account is a credit card account.

Question 39: What is meant by the CD ratio?

Answers: The CD ratio measures a bank’s ability to lend money to its customers. The higher the CD ratio, the more confident a bank can meet the borrower’s borrowing needs.

Question 40: Explain Different Types of Bank Accounts

Answers: The three most joint bank accounts are savings, checking, and money market accounts. Each has its features, benefits, and risks. Savings accounts are the most common primary type of bank account. They typically earn interest but have low-interest rates and limited transaction options. Checking accounts are more flexible, allowing you to write checks and use a debit card for transactions. However, they often have higher fees than savings accounts. Finally, money market accounts offer higher interest rates than savings accounts but have higher minimum balance requirements and may limit the number of transactions you can make each month.

Question 41: What is bank strategy?

Answers: There is no single answer to this question, as banks have different strategies depending on their goals and the markets they operate in. However, some common strategies banks use include expanding into new markets, diversifying their product offerings, and increasing their customer base.

Question 42: Briefly explain accretion and dilution analysis.

Answers: Accretion and dilution analysis is a method of determining the value of a company by looking at the impact of dilutive securities on earnings per share.

Question 43: What is SWOT in banking?

Answers: SWOT stands for Strengths, Opportunities, Weaknesses, and Threats. It is a simple framework for assessing a company’s position in the marketplace. The banking industry is highly competitive, so banks need to understand their strengths and weaknesses and the opportunities and threats they face. SWOT analysis can be a valuable tool for banks to use when developing strategies to stay ahead of the competition.

Question 44: Explain the PEG ratio.

Answers: The PEG ratio is a valuation metric for finding the relationship between the price-earnings ratio and earnings growth. The PEG ratio is used to find a stock’s potential over or under-valuation. A low PEG ratio may indicate that a stock is undervalued, while a high PEG ratio may indicate that a stock is overvalued.

Question 45: What is convexity? [ Questions for Investment Banking Interviews ]

Answers: Convexity is a measure of the curvature of a financial instrument. It is the second derivative of the instrument’s price concerning interest rates.

Question 46: Explain a fixed interest investment

Answers: A fixed interest investment is an investment in which the interest rate is fixed for the life of the investment. This type of investment is typically less risky than an investment in which the interest rate is variable.

Question 47: What is in a pitch book?

Answers: A pitch book is a document used to present an investment opportunity to potential investors. The pitch book will typically include information on the company, the investment opportunity, terms, and the potential return on investment.

Question 48: What is a leveraged buyout?

Answers: A leveraged buyout is a financial transaction in which an organization purchases with a combination of equity and debt to increase the company’s value and then sell it at a profit.

Question 49: What are the synergies and their types?

Answers: There are three types of synergies: positive, negative, and zero-sum. Positive synergies occur when the combined effect of two or more elements is greater than the sum of their individual effects. Negative synergies occur when the combined effect of two or more elements is less than the sum of their individual effects. Finally, zero-sum synergies occur when the combined effect of two or more elements equals the sum of their individual effects.

Question 50: What is the difference between enterprise value and equity value?

Answers: Equity value is the value of the company that is attributable to shareholders. Enterprise value is the company’s value that is attributable to all stakeholders.

Conclusion [ Questions for Investment Banking Interviews ]

Fifty questions for investment banking interviews offers a helpful guide for asking Investment bankers questions that will help them understand their job and the investment banking process. Questions for investment banking interviews can be varied, but it is essential to stay accurate with your answers. In addition, be sure to know the specific needs of the company and the individual you are interviewing for a position. Following these tips can create a secure and prosperous interview experience.